The EDEKA ZENTRALE AG & Co. KG in Hamburg is the largest food retail group in Germany with a turnover of 55.7 billion euros (2019). EDEKA is a mixture of a corporate group and a cooperative structure. The basis of the network is formed by around 4,500 independent EDEKA retailers with approx. 6,000 supermarkets throughout Germany. The EDEKA ZENTRALE is the organisational bracket. It holds half the shares in each of the 7 EDEKA regional companies and is the parent company of Netto Marken-Discount AG & Co. KG. This stands for around 4,200 Netto discount stores in Germany. There are also a number of regional discount lines. In addition, the company operates a number of bakery and beverage chains, over 100 “Cash & Carry” wholesale stores and various specialist stores. This article is based on the unique List of the 400 largest German trading companies.
- Excel list of the 400 largest retail and wholesale companies in Germany
- Includes: revenues (2015-2018), number of employees, contact details, executives
- Download of the Excel file valid indefinitely, free updates within one year after purchase, free preview file available
- Last update: 14.05.2020
From Berlin colonial goods trader to the largest German trading company
The name EDEKA is the abbreviation for “Einkaufsgenossenschaft der Kolonialwarenhändler im Halleschen Torbezirk zu Berlin”. The EDEKA group started with the merger of 21 Berlin retail merchants in 1898, which has developed into Germany’s largest trading company and the largest German food retailer over the course of more than 120 years. The historical name already refers to food as a focal point and the cooperative principle. Today, the EDEKA group employs a total of around 381,000 people. This makes it one of the largest employers in the country. The market share in the food business is a good 26 percent.